Threats to the public are always present. They can be from natural or man-made causes and can lead to the onset of public health incidents. Preparedness is something everyone can do to feel more confident when they do arise. Public Health is here to support, guide, help, and encourage individuals, families, and communities to thrive before, during, and after all hazards.

  • One gallon of water per person per day for at least three days, for drinking and sanitation
  • At least a 3-day supply of non-perishable food
  • Battery-powered or hand crank radio
  • NOAA Weather Radio with tone alert
  • Flashlight and extra batteries
  • First aid kit
  • Whistle to signal for help
  • N-95 masks
  • Moist towelettes
  • Garbage bags
  • Wrench or pliers to turn off utilities
  • Can opener for food
  • Local maps


  • Develop a communication plan: Make sure everyone in your household knows how to contact each other and where to meet up if you get separated.
  • Know evacuation routes: Know the best routes to take. Make sure everyone in your household knows how to get out of the house quickly and safely.
  • Practice your plan: Regularly review your plan with your household and conduct emergency drills to make sure everyone knows what to do in case of an emergency.
  • Identify an emergency contact: Have an individual that your family can reach in case of an emergency. Be sure every member of your family knows their phone number and has the means to call them.






Additional Tips and Information


Power Outages

Power outages are becoming increasingly common and losing power can be a major inconvenience and even a safety hazard. Here are some tips for staying safe and minimizing the impact of power outages:

  • Charge your devices: Keep your cell phone, laptop, and other devices charged in case of an outage. You may also want to invest in a portable power bank or generator to keep your devices powered up.
  • Keep your fridge and freezer closed: If the power goes out, keep your fridge and freezer closed to prevent food from spoiling. An unopened fridge should keep food cold for up to four hours, while a full freezer can keep food frozen for up to 48 hours.
  • Use alternative light sources: If you don't have access to flashlights or candles, try using solar lights or even your car headlights to light up your home.
  • Be aware: Check in on elderly or vulnerable neighbors who may need extra assistance during an outage.

Additional Resources

Severe Weather

Severe weather can strike at any time, so it's important to be prepared. Make sure to have a plan in place for communication and evacuation, and stock up on essential supplies like food, water, and first aid items. Stay informed by monitoring the weather and local news, and follow any evacuation orders or emergency alerts. By taking these steps, you can be ready for whatever severe weather comes your way.


Flooding is one of the most common natural disasters that can cause significant damage to your property and even put your life at risk. Don't wait until it's too late and always remember:  turn around, don't drown.

Additional Resources

Extreme Heat

If you are under an extreme heat warning you can take these precautions:
Additional Resources

Severe Storms

You can take these precautions during severe storms:
  • Stay indoors and avoid outdoor activities during a thunderstorm.
  • If you're caught outside, avoid open fields, isolated trees, and high ground.
  • Do not use electronic devices or appliances, as they can conduct electricity.
  • If you're driving, pull over and stay inside your car with the windows closed.
  • Unplug electronics and appliances to protect them from power surges.
  • If you hear a tornado siren or warning, take shelter immediately in a basement or interior room without windows.
  • Have a family emergency plan in place and make sure everyone knows what to do in case of severe weather. 
Additional Resources

Extreme Cold and Winter Weather

Here are some helpful tips to keep in mind:
  • Dress appropriately: Layer up with warm clothing, including a hat, gloves, and scarf. It's also important to wear waterproof boots with good traction to prevent slipping on ice.
  • Keep your home warm: Make sure your home is properly insulated and that your heating system is in good working condition. If you use a space heater, be sure to follow the manufacturer's instructions and keep it away from flammable materials.
  • Prepare for power outages: Have a backup plan in case of a power outage, such as a generator or a supply of extra blankets and warm clothing.
  • Stock up on supplies: Keep a supply of non-perishable food, bottled water, and any necessary medications in case you are snowed in for an extended period of time.
  • Stay informed: Monitor weather reports and stay up-to-date on any advisories or warnings in your area.
  • Need someplace to get warm? Find a warming location here.
Additional Resources

Air Quality Index

The Air Quality Index (AQI) is a measurement used to report the quality of the air we breathe. It takes into account several pollutants, such as ground-level ozone, particulate matter, and carbon monoxide, and provides a numerical value to indicate how polluted the air is. The AQI ranges from 0 to 500, with higher values indicating poorer air quality. Understanding the AQI and how it is calculated can help make informed decisions about outdoor activities, especially for people with respiratory problems or other health concerns.
Additional Resources


Additional Threats and Information